The use of steel with guaranteed properties (strength, corrosion characteristicst, susceptibility to distortion, suitability for welding etc.) is widespread in this technology sector, due primarily to its versatile, relatively simple, and at least very widespread machining options. The term ‘steel’ is used to describe metal alloys whose principle constituent element is iron and whose carbon content is between 0.01% and 2.06%.
Depending on the application involved, ceramics offer significantly better material properties but until now, these had to be offset against geometric and therefore financial disadvantages associated with conventional molding techniques (pressing, extruding, …). The geometric latitude of the injection molding process balances out these disadvantages. In contrast to the mechanical processing of steel, where several machining stages could be required to reach ‘end shape’, injection molding can accomplish the same outcome in a single molding operation.